The human gut tract is home to an enormous and complex community of good and bad bacteria. These bacteria play an important role in human health, aiding digestion, metabolism and support the immune function. Collectively, these microorganisms are known as gut microbiota and they are essential to the normal function of the gut.
Stress, poor diet, alcohol consumption and pathogenic bacteria can alter the delicate balance between good and bad bacteria in the human gut, making it susceptible to immune dysregulation and the invasion of pathogenic bacteria such as E. coli which may release a toxic by-product known as lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or endotoxins.
Increasing evidence suggests that these LPS toxins are potent disruptors to a healthy function of the gut, liver and immune system and is an activator of inflammatory responses in the body.